41st edition of the 6th year of SmartDrivingCars

Friday, September 28, 2018

<img border="0" width="116" height="37" style="width:1.2083in;height:.3854in" id="_x0000_i1057" src="" alt="“>  FORGET UNIVERSAL BASIC INCOME. WE NEED UNIVERSAL BASIC MOBILITY

A. Roy, Sept 5, "…THE ORIGIN OF UNIVERSAL BASIC MOBILITY (UBM).   UBM is inspired by Universal Basic Income (UBI), which has long been debated as a solution for a variety of societal ills…

Freedom of movement has never been accompanied with a right to mobility. Governments built infrastructure, but you still had to buy your own horse or car. As population density rose and traffic worsened, modern states invested in more roads, more trolleys, more buses and more trains, creating an informal mobility compact between governments and their citizens — we will provide means of transporting you more efficiently than you can transport yourselves.   Unfortunately, people move and cities grow faster than governments can build, and people will solve transportation needs as they see fit. Hence, the oldest cities in the United States are dominated by struggling public transit systems, and the newest ones are choking on the cars around which they grew….

Freedom of movement is limited wherever the government/citizen mobility compact is stressed or broken. We see this “mobility underclass” in the public transportation deserts in and around numerous cities. The mobility underclass has few options; if they can afford a car, they contribute to broader traffic and infrastructure problems. If they can’t, they are often forced into unregulated private/shared options below the radar of even the largest and most ambitious transportation network start-ups.

A parent who spends four hours a day commuting means a child deprived of critical family time, a worker too tired to be effective, a human being without downtime….

A growing number of the mobility underclass are falling into “structural immobility” — the state in which lack of mobility limits their ability to obtain and keep jobs, access basic services, contribute to society or maintain a reasonable quality of life. The gap between freedom of movement and affordable mobility options creates a self-perpetuating system of economic, social and emotional loss, depriving society of countless productive citizens…" Read more Hmmmm….  As you know I love the "elevator analogy".  One can argue that Elevators provide a high level of UBM in tall buildings.  (The stairs offer a very low (unacceptable level) of UBM (fine for a couple of floors, but anything higher is a non-starter).  Walking/(bicycles, electric skate boards) in cities are like the stairs. Great for short distances but… Up to now the car has been the elevator.  Unfortunately we’ve had to own our own, drive it ourselves because we couldn’t afford a chauffeur,  and only use it for ourselves (never share rides that would leave a car or a couple of cars at home because we didn’t know anyone else had a similar mobility need for this trip at this time).

Luckily in buildings, elevators are not owned by individuals (except the Donald).  They are made available by the land owners (owners of the floors) and made available to anyone 24/7 so that the floor owners can collect rent on the floors that they own.  The elevators provide high quality UBM in tall buildings.

Horizontally, aTaxis could be offered and operated just like elevators.  Often used by single individuals simply because no one else is going up. But, if the demand warrants, the elevator is readily shared by those going in the same direction (same narrow wedge) at about the same time.  Anyone can use them any time.  How they are priced/subsidized is a public policy decision.  No reason why property owners wouldn’t make them be very affordable especially if it gets people to visit/use their facilities/land.  Thoughts???  Alain

imap:// Driving Cars Podcast Episode 59

F. Fishkin, Sept 28  "Basic Universal Mobility? Writer, editor, champion endurance driver and thought leader Alex Roy…joins Princeton University’s Alain Kornhauser and co-host Fred Fishkin for Episode 59 of the Smart Driving Cars podcast. Plus…Alain’s take on Tesla and Elon Musk….Toyota…and more.. Tune in and subscribe!"  Hmmmm…. Now you can just say "Alexa, play the Smart Driving Cars podcast!" .  Ditto with Siri, and GooglePlay.  Alain
Real information every week.  Lively discussions with the people who are shaping the future of SmartDrivingCars.  Want to become a sustaining sponsor and help us grow the SmartDrivingCars newsletter and podcast? Contact Alain Kornhauser at!  Alain

<img border="0" width="93" height="32" style="width:.9687in;height:.3333in" id="_x0000_i1055" src="" alt="“>  Seeing the world in autopilot, part deux

u/greentheonly, Sept 24, "… So we proceeded to gather a bunch of footage from volunteer cars around the world and certain metadata and then u/DamianXVI found ways to correlate some of the metadata with real world meanings and came up with code to paint internal autopilot state (the parts we understand) on top of camera footage (development firmware the unit came with did not include its own visualizer binary). So keep in mind our visualizations are not what Tesla devs see out of their car footage and we do not fully understand all the values either (though we have decent visibility into the system now as you can see). Since we don’t know anybody inside Tesla development, we don’t even know what sort of visual output their tools have.

Footage we present has been recorded on firmware 18.34 from the main camera. The green fill at the bottom represents “possible driving space”, lines denote various detected lane and road boundaries (colors represent different types, actual meaning is unknown for now). Various objects detected are enumerated by type and have coordinates in 3D space and depth information (also 2D bounding box, but we have not identified enough data for a 3D one), correlated radar data (if present) and various other properties…" Read more Hmmmm….  Look at the videos:  They are spectacular (in tech content) Crazy Paris streets;   Paris highways  Alain

<img border="0" width="101" height="32" style="width:1.052in;height:.3333in" id="_x0000_i1054" src="" alt="“>  SEC lawsuit seeks to force Musk out as Tesla CEO and board member

T. Lee, Sept 27, "The Securities and Exchange Commission has sued Tesla CEO Elon Musk over an August tweet he made claiming he had "funding secured" to take Tesla private at $420 per share. The SEC says that this and subsequent tweets were false and misleading—and therefore a violation of market-manipulation laws.

The stakes are high. In addition to seeking financial penalties and an injunction against similar tweets in the future, the SEC is also seeking that Musk "be prohibited from acting as an officer or director" of companies that issue shares under Section 12 or Section 15(d) of federal securities laws. Stephen Diamond, a securities law expert at Santa Clara Law School, tells Ars that means Musk would have to step down as Tesla’s CEO and give up his board seat…"  Read more Hmmmm….  But it is well known that much of what Elon says is "false & misleading" so what’s the harm.  He certainly is inspiring.  See also Tesla stock dives as SEC tries to force Elon Musk out of company leadership   Should "shorters" be banned for encouraging the SEC to take this action because they know/knew this would allow them to cover their shorts??? Alain

<img border="0" width="133" height="21" style="width:1.3854in;height:.2187in" id="_x0000_i1053" src="" alt="“>   JRC Science for Policy Report: CCAM in Europe

M. Sena, Oct 1, "THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION decided it was time to perform an in-depth investigation of the potential impacts of changes that have already occurred or are being proposed to road transport vehicles and the road infrastructure. Ve-hicles have been using mobile communications to deliver data and receive services for over two decades, but vehi-cle-to-vehicle communication and cooperative driving will greatly increase the number and types of applications that can be implemented. Increasing automation of the driving task has been promoted as a way to reduce the numbers of accidents and deaths on the roads, but there will be other impacts as well that need to be address. The JRC was tasked with “analyzing the value at stake for both the economy and society as a result of a transition towards CCAM in Europe. Twelve staff members of the JRC collab-orated in preparing the report: An analysis of possible so-cio-economic effects of a Cooperative, Connected and Automated Mobility (CCAM) in Europe: Effects of auto-mated driving on the economy, employment and skills…"  Read more  Hmmmm…  I point you to Michael’s evaluation of this report in his latest Dispatcher which also includes the following excellent readings…   

Where Are We Going with Our Road Infrastructure
Radical Chic: The Automotive Experience House
Agero, Inc.: An Automotive Call Center Case Study
Dispatch Central
Tesla will not, after all, delist itself from Nasdaq
Do we need continuous education for drivers
If I only had a chauffeur
Time to close your social media accounts?
Not yet ready to ring the stock market bell for Volvo Cars
Next Issue of The Dispatcher
5G: It’s Show Time
Tesla: “You don’t understand me.”
Musings of a Dispatcher: Car Collecting Fervor 

<img border="0" width="48" height="35" style="width:.5in;height:.3645in" id="_x0000_i1052" src="" alt="“>  This major European city wants to embrace autonomous cars

A. Frangoul, Sept 27, "…Wincentson was positive about what autonomous cars could bring to Gothenburg. “We think the benefits for the city will be safer and more secure transportation – the flow of traffic will be more even, smooth and efficient.” …"  Read more  Hmmmm…  I t continues to amaze me that European "Planners" continue to view Autonomous (aka Driverless) cars from a "conventional consumer owned, operated and privately used" perspective rather than as an on-demand shared affordable public mobility machine that would greatly enhance mobility in their "transit deserts" and to the Mobility Disadvantaged.  Maybe they think that their conventional public transit systems are so good that "Transit Deserts" and Mobility Disadvantaged Household only exist in America and not in Europe.  Yet why do so many Europeans buy and use cars when Transit is supposedly so great???  Gothenburg should look seriously at the opportunities for on-demand, 24/7, shared-ride autonomousTaxis to substantially enhance mobility to its Mobility Disadvantaged citizenry.  (I suspect Michael Sena will have a rebuttal in the November Dispatcher.) Alain

<img border="0" width="79" height="31" style="width:.8229in;height:.3229in" id="_x0000_i1051" src="" alt="“>  Two Tesla bulls say the company is wrong about one key part of its self-driving car strategy

Sept 26, "The most divisive element of its strаtegy, аrguаbly, is its refusаl to use lidаr sensors, whiсh emit pulses of light thаt bounсe off objeсts to determine where they’re loсаted, in its plаnned self-driving system. Lidаr sensors аre seen by Teslа’s high-profile сompetitors, like Wаymo, Generаl Motors, аnd Uber, аs а neсessity, but Tesla СEO Elon Musk hаs sаid they’re а "сrutсh," аnd thаt Tesla саn build self-driving саrs using just саmerаs аnd rаdаrs….

Αdаm Jonаs, аn аuto аnаlyst аt Morgаn Stаnley who hаs а $299.02 priсe tаrget for the stoсk, sаid Tesla will most likely use lidаr within the next eight yeаrs.  "I would be surprised if, by the middle of the next deсаde, they did not hаve some form of lidаr on the саr," he sаid…"  Read more  Hmmmm….  I don’t like to disagree with Adam, but "by the middle of the next decade"… Moore’s Law will have delivered such an improvement in compute power that improvements in image processing will substantially outpace the price reductions in LiDARs.  Even if Tesla goes with LiDAR now, they will have abandoned it by 2025.  We drive VERY well without LiDAR as long as we pay attention.  The highway environment has been designed and built implicitly, if not explicitly, so as to enable us to drive safely using vision.  Moreover, since our ability to drive would not be enhanced with "HD Maps" or "centimeter accuracy ", neither would Tesla’s AutoPilot.  (Now I’m really going to get hate mail 🙁).  Alain

<img border="0" width="126" height="36" style="width:1.3125in;height:.375in" id="_x0000_i1050" src="" alt="“>  Viodi View – 09/29/18

K. Pyle, Sept 29, "The recent announcement from Babcock Ranch – the Florida planned community, which aspires to be an environmentally friendly and technologically advanced city of 50,000 people – regarding its pilot of an autonomous school bus hints at how automation will have an impact on almost all facets of life. It is difficult to see how the Babcock Ranch school bus example could be justified by cost-savings, as an on-board adult will still be needed to ensure the safety of the kids.

In rural America, however, the on-board adult’s role could potentially shift from driver/safety-monitor to tutor, while the student experience could change from bus ride to a kind of mobile study hall (e.g. see this ViodiTV interview)…."  Read more  Hmmmm….   Great idea, Ken.  Alain

<img border="0" width="126" height="36" style="width:1.3125in;height:.375in" id="_x0000_i1049" src="" alt="“>  Better Roadmarkings = Safer Roads

K. Pyle, "Sept 25, "We are looking at how we can take the technologies we have developed over many years for road signs and pavement markings and those kinds of humanly visible aspects of the roadway and how we can now address those towards the new drivers of the road; the automated vehicles, the autonomous vehicles,” states Andy Dubner, Business Leader of 3M’s Connected Roads Program. In the above interview filmed at ProspectSV’s 2018 Innovation and Impact Summit, Dubner explains how the goal of the program is to improve safety through better signage.

He indicates that 3M is looking at how they can help sensors, such as cameras, Radar and Lidar, provide supplemental information for the text and graphics seen by a human driver…."  Read more  Hmmmm….  See video.  Maybe… However, the focus needs to be squarely on making markings and signage for humans first and foremost and then maybe add a little something extra that is inexpensive that might help sensors.  For example, my friend Howard Bell at Intelligent Materials has very interesting ways to add rare earth crystals that embed information in "paint".  Alain 

<img border="0" width="170" height="14" style="width:1.7708in;height:.1458in" id="_x0000_i1048" src="" alt="“>  Toyota’s Vision of Autonomous Cars Is Not Exactly Driverless

J. Lippert, Sept 19, "Toyota Motor Corp., the world’s most valuable automaker, with a market capitalization of $200 billion, is behind in the race to create the vehicles of a maybe-not-so-distant future. Just four years ago, Akio Toyoda, the company’s president, was saying his company would pursue self-driving vehicles only after one beat a human driver—for instance, him—in a marathon road race. He’s not saying that anymore, because Toyota has too much to lose.

If the company fails to pick up the pace, Toyota could, in one version of the future, face the humiliation of becoming a mere steel-box supplier to upstarts such as Waymo and Baidu. Toyoda himself has singled out tech companies as “our new rivals, with speed many times greater than our own.” He added: “A life-or-death battle has begun in a world of unknowns.”…

Toyota Motor Corp., the world’s most valuable automaker, with a market capitalization of $200 billion, is behind in the race to create the vehicles of a maybe-not-so-distant future. Just four years ago, Akio Toyoda, the company’s president, was saying his company would pursue self-driving vehicles only after one beat a human driver—for instance, him—in a marathon road race. He’s not saying that anymore, because Toyota has too much to lose.

If the company fails to pick up the pace, Toyota could, in one version of the future, face the humiliation of becoming a mere steel-box supplier to upstarts such as Waymo and Baidu. Toyoda himself has singled out tech companies as “our new rivals, with speed many times greater than our own.” He added: “A life-or-death battle has begun in a world of unknowns.”…

Toyota is seeking a middle ground with a system it calls Guardian, which would harness the machine-intelligence and sensor capabilities that make full self-driving theoretically possible and bundle them in vehicles designed for human drivers…." Read more  Hmmmm….  "not exactly ________ (fill in the blank), is NOT ________ !!!  If the blank is filled with "Driverless", that means Toyota sees itself continuing to sell cars for consumers to drive and NOT to fleet owners/managers to deliver mobility to the general public.  That is fine, but why invest in Uber?  Sure, you’ll sell some cars to gig workers, but that’s not what Uber really needs to compete with Waymo, GM/Cruise, Aptiv, …  Oh well, Uber got $500M on excellent terms.  Alain

<img border="0" width="110" height="23" style="width:1.1458in;height:.2395in" id="_x0000_i1047" src="" alt="“>  Tesla achieves Model 3 production goal for record quarter with 2 days still to go

F. Lambert, Sept 28, "Tesla had quite the ambitious Model 3 production goal for this quarter and it was hard to believe it was achievable after months of delays.   Now Electrek has learned that Tesla already achieved the goal for a new record production with two days still to go before the end of the quarter….

We have been tracking Tesla’s production in the past few weeks of this critical period as the company is attempting to become profitable….
According to a reliable source familiar with Tesla’s production, the automaker had a strong week of production and managed to bring the total number Model 3 produced to over 51,000 vehicles…."  Read more  Hmmmm….  This is a substantial achievement on the road to electrification of cars.  Looking at monthly year-over-year EV sales in the US, one sees the "Model 3 effect" on total sales over the spring and summer months.  This level of production is equivalent to the sum of the sale of all makes and models including Prius Prime, Model S, Model X, Volt, Bolt, Clarity, LEAF, ….  While late, very impressive that it was achieved while Tesla is still alive and Elon is still in charge.  If half of these have AutoPilot, this may well mean that the same market share phenomenon exists with "Self-driving Cars"  {Production/Sale of Model3/wAutoPilot > Sum{S/wAutoPilot, X/wAutoPilot, CT6/wSuperCruise, Volvo/wIntellisafe, MB/w…}  ?!  It would be nice if someone compiled and released actual sale figures for cars with these features.  Alain

<img border="0" width="101" height="18" style="width:1.052in;height:.1875in" id="_x0000_i1046" src="" alt="“>Elon Musk reportedly asks Tesla employees to test full self-driving version of Autopilot

S. O’Kane, Sept 28, "The version of Autopilot that Elon Musk has long promised would make Tesla cars capable of driving themselves is reportedly being handed over to a small group of employees for testing, according to an internal email obtained by Bloomberg.   In the email, Musk promised there were about 100 spots available in the testing program, and that he would take volunteers on a “first come, first served basis.”

Willing employees have to agree to sharing “300 to 400 hours of driving feedback with the company’s Autopilot team by the end of next year,” according to Bloomberg. Musk is apparently offering a sizable kickback, though — workers who sign up won’t have to pay for the supposedly fully self-driving version of Autopilot, or for a premium interior, if they buy a new car. In total, these features would normally cost $13,000 combined…."  Read more  Hmmmm….  Even @ +$8k & "Corintian leather @ $5k, this is still Self-driving and requires adult supervision!!  It is NOT Driverless!!! But it will be the best Self-driving available for consumers to purchase.  Alain

<img border="0" width="127" height="28" style="width:1.3229in;height:.2916in" id="_x0000_i1045" src="" alt="“>  Ride-hailing increases vehicle miles traveled

M. Moore, Sept 27, "Ride-hailing accounts for an 83 percent increase in the miles cars travel for ride-hailing passengers in Denver’s metro area, according to a study published this week in the journal Transportation by researchers at the University of Colorado Denver.   …" Read more  Hmmmm….  I don’t contest the findings in Alejandro’s paper, A. Henao, W. Marshall, "The impact of ride-hailing on vehicle miles traveled".  In fact I find it an excellent paper and recommend it highly.  My take, though, is that the VMT implications of Ride-hailing are at least in part due to the operating practices of ride-hailing companies (They are not really dedicated to providing/properly-pricing/incentivizing shared-ride services and the potential conflicting objectives of providing good mobility and having happy drivers).  My point is that a both conventional-ride-hailing and fleet -managed-autonomousTaxis could provide high-quality on-demand mobility to many,  if not all, without increasing VMT.  To date, "not increasing VMT" has not really been part of Ride-hailing’s objectives or real interests.   It certainly could and should be part of aTaxis’ "Common Carriage Obligation".  Alain

<img border="0" width="46" height="39" style="width:.4791in;height:.4062in" id="_x0000_i1044" src="" alt="“>Softbank’s ARM unveils dedicated chip design for autonomous cars

E. Auchard, Sept 26, "Driverless car features are moving closer to mass-market production, with British chip designer ARM introducing the first in a new line of safety-hardened processors for building features such as automated collision avoidance into vehicles…."  Read more  Hmmmm….  Hopefully this processor will enable Automated Emergency Braking (AEB) systems to substantially reduce their false alarm rates so that these systems are not disabled by the car makers or the car owners.  Alain

<img border="0" width="72" height="21" style="width:.75in;height:.2187in" id="_x0000_i1043" src="" alt="“>Axios Autonomous Vehicles

A, Snyder, Sept 21," Welcome to Axios Autonomous Vehicles. As the global AV industry emerges and evolves, we’ll deliver news and expert analysis of the technology — including the hype around it — and its intersection with our daily lives.

Situational awareness: I’m steering this newsletter until our AV correspondent Joann Muller arrives next month. Think of me as Level 1…." Read more  Hmmmm….  It isn’t funny using "Levels" and "...including the hype around it…" is only a bad joke, I hope!!; else, C’mon Man!  This is serious business with serious challenges and opportunities where hype is simply not helpful.  Whew!  Alain   What Investors Need to Know About NIO, China’s Answer to Tesla

J. Rosevear, Sept 24, "Investors have been kicking the tires of Chinese electric-vehicle maker NIO, Inc. (NYSE:NIO) since it went public in the U.S. on Sept. 12. The price was near the bottom of NIO’s hoped-for range, but it was enough to give the Shanghai-based company a valuation of about $6.4 billion…

Does NIO have self-driving technology?    It’s working on it. NIO’s vehicles currently come with a proprietary Level 2 advanced driver-assist system, called NIO Pilot. The system is powered by processors supplied by Intel subsidiary Mobileye. NIO plans to add new functionality to the system over time, via over-the-air software updates…

NIO’s vehicles also include what the company claims is "China’s most advanced in-car AI connected assistant," called NOMI."  Read more  Hmmmm….  It is a brave new world when "Self-driving technology" is a worthy differentiator and only foolish hype is around its "AI connected assistant" whatever that might be.  Alain  The Case Against Driverless Cars

C. Neiger, Sept 28, "Autonomous vehicles aren’t widespread right now, but in the coming decades, they’ll be everywhere. By 2040, it’s estimated that more than 33 million driverless cars will be sold annually. That figure will represent 26% of all new vehicles sold globally that year, and it will be a massive increase from the 51,000 self-driving cars that are expected to be sold in 2021…."  Read more  Hmmmm….  Just a bad article because it doesn’t even realize the massive difference between Self-driving (which requires adult supervision) and Driverless (which doesn’t even have a steering wheel).  But assume that Neiger, as his title states, is writing about Driverless.  1st, Waymo has options to buy 20,000 Jaguars and 62,000 Pacificas that they can convert to Driverless.  So the "2021" expectation is ???  Also, 33 million driverless cars are sufficient to provide the mobility for essentially every non-walking, non- rail-transit person trip made today in the USA (my estimate).  33M might be sold one year , say 2040, but far fewer will be sold in in the following couple of years, before or until many of those 33M will need to be replaced.  Very few driverless cars will be sold to consumers in the 2040s.  Essentially all will be built by/sold to fleet operators delivering on-demand mobility to almost everyone.  The purpose of this article is to get the reader to click through the adds and especially the "learn more" at the bottom.  Please don’t.  Alain

<img border="0" width="62" height="22" style="width:.6458in;height:.2291in" id="_x0000_i1040" src="" alt="“>  To Find China’s Best Driverless Technology, Look in Silicon Valley

D. Welch, Sept 24, "China’s homegrown search giant, much like its U.S. counterpart, has a division focused entirely on driverless vehicles. And just like its rival, Google-born Waymo, both efforts are based in Silicon Valley.

It’s not only Baidu with a toehold in Northern California. China’s self-driving startups are sprouting major R&D outposts 6,000 miles from Beijing. China’s congested megacities may have a need for self-driving cars, but the expertise is elsewhere.

Just ask founders James Peng and Tiancheng Lou. When they decided over a drink in Beijing three years ago that it was time to leave Baidu’s self-driving car unit, the plan was always to start in California. “Silicon Valley is definitely the place to be,” Peng said in an interview. “That’s where all the talent is. China has a lot of raw talent, but with hardcore artificial intelligence, it takes years to build up. China has work to do.”… "  Read more  Hmmmm….  No surprise. Alain


Half-baked stuff that probably doesn’t deserve your time

<img border="0" width="85" height="19" style="width:.8854in;height:.1979in" id="_x0000_i1037" src="" alt="“>  

<img border="0" width="77" height="23" style="width:.802in;height:.2395in" id="_x0000_i1036" src="" alt="“> 

<img border="0" width="79" height="31" style="width:.8229in;height:.3229in" id="_x0000_i1035" src="" alt="“>  

 C’mon Man!  (These folks didn’t get/read the memo)

<img border="0" width="114" height="23" style="width:1.1875in;height:.2395in" id="_x0000_i1033" src="" alt="“>  The end of the red light? Dashboard ‘virtual traffic light’ that lets cars talk to each other could slash commute times by 60%

M. Prigg, Sept. 25, "…Computer scientists at Carnegie Mellon University are working on a system that would replace conventional traffic lights with virtual ones – with stop and go signals appearing directly on the windshield or dashboard….’But what if cars could talk to each other, and manage traffic without infrastructure based traffic lights?’ … "  Read more  Hmmmm….  Wow, CMU is bent on finding any excuse for V2V.  Did this get better grade than a C?    C’mon CMU!!  Alain


<img border="0" width="170" height="14" style="width:1.7708in;height:.1458in" id="_x0000_i1032" src="" alt="“>

Calendar of Upcoming Events:

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5th Symposium on
Autonomous & Connected vehicles

October 23-24, 2018
Brooklyn, NY

<img border="0" width="46" height="52" style="width:.4791in;height:.5416in" id="_x0000_i1027" src="" alt="imap://”>

3rd Annual Princeton SmartDrivingCar Summit
evening May 14 through May 16, 2019
Save the Date; Reserve your Sponsorship

Catalog of Videos of Presentations @ 2nd Annual Princeton SmartDrivingCar Summit
Photos from 2nd Annual Princeton SmartDrivingCar Summit

Program & Links to slides from 2nd Annual Princeton SmartDrivingCar Summit

  On the More Technical Side